- BLESSINGS OF SEHRI:
Many Ahādīth bears glad tidings of divine blessings for those who partake of Sehri (Pre-dawn meal). Once Rasūlullah (Swallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) stated that the difference between this Ummah and the Ahlul Kitāb (the Jews and Christians) is that we partake of Sehri and they do not. Likewise, Rasūlullah (Swallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) has encouraged his Ummah to partake of Sehri as it carries great blessings.
- THOSE ACTIONS WHICH DO NOT INVALIDATE THE FASTING OF RAMAḌĀN.
1. Using the Miswāk
2. Applying oil to one’s beard or hair
3. Applying Surmā or medication to one’s eyes
4. Smelling perfumes or aromatic substances (as long as one does not inhale the smoke which is being emitted by the substance)
5. Taking a bath due to extreme heat or thirst
7. To absent-mindedly partake of food or drinks
8. water going inside the ears accidently
9. vomiting naturally
10. Nocturnal discharge (wet dreams)
11. Bleeding of the gums, as long as one does not swallow the blood
12. The fast is valid if one takes a Fardh Ghusl (compulsory bath) after sunrise.
- THOSE ACTIONS WHICH DO NOT INVALIDATE THE FASTING OF RAMADAN BUT ARE ABOMINABLE (MAKRŪH) IN THE SHARIAH AND DUE TO WHICH ONE IS DEPRIVED OF THE BLESSINGS AND BENEFITS OF RAMADAN
1. Chewing or tasting any food particles such as salt without any valid reason or cleansing one’s mouth with toothpaste or mouthwash
2. To spend the entire day or most of the day in the condition of Janābah (impure state which requires a Fardh Ghusl)
3. Blood donation
4. Backbiting ( it is Harām to backbite and during the month of Ramaḍān the gravity of this sin increases manifold)
5. Using derogatory terms and arguing (irrespective one swears at human beings or animals, it is a sin to do so. Especially whilst fasting)
- THOSE THINGS WHICH NULLIFIES THE FAST OF RAMADAN
1. The intake of medicinal fluids through the nasal cavity
2. To intentionally vomit a mouthful
3. To drink water whilst gargling
4. Discharge of semen due to foreplay
5. To partake of things which are usually inedible (such as steel, wood…etc.)
6. To inhale the smoke of incense sticks willingly
7. To partake of food willingly after having eaten due to forgetfulness.
8. To partake of food after dawn whilst one thinks it is still night.
9. Mistakenly, someone thought that the sun has set already and partook of Iftār whilst it was still day.
In all of the above the scenarios the fast will be invalidated but only Qadhā (repeating the broken fast after due time) will be compulsory.
- SUNNAH OF EID:
There are twelve actions which are Sunnah on the day of Eid.
1. To adorn one’s home within the confinements of the Shariah
2. To bath
3. Using the Miswāk
4. To wear the best clothing that one possesses
5. Applying fragrance
6. To wake up early
7. Proceeding to the Eidgah
8. Partaking of a sweet-dish before leaving for the Eidgah
9. To give out Sadaqah al-Fitr
10. Do not perform the Eid Salah out of the city without a valid excuse
11. To take a different route on the way back from the Eidgah
12. To walk to the Eidgah and to recite the following softly:
اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ ولله الحمد