LINEAGE & EARLY LIFE
It was the end of sixth century when paganism had engrossed the entire world and the disobedience of Allah Ta’āla had reached its limits. . Allah Ta’āla was displeased with mankind and he had stopped the chain of Prophethood. Perhaps he wanted to see the extent that mankind will go in following their animalistic desires. Therefore, after the ascension of Isā [Alaihis Salaam] to the heavens, Allah Ta’āla ceased the chain of prophethood for approximately 600 years; during which humanity faced its greatest downfall.
During these 600 years mankind had increased in great numbers and had become most despicable in the sight of Allah Ta’āla. Out of chastisement, Allah Ta’āla almost destroyed the entire race of man; as mentioned in a Hadith of Musnad Ahmad:
إن الله نظر إلى أهل الأرض فمقتهم عربهم وعجمهم إلا بقايا من أهل الكتاب
“Almighty Allah looked upon earth and he despised its inhabitants, irrespective they were Arabs or non-Arabs, except for the remaining people of the book”
All major religions of that time had failed to ameliorate their situation and they did not have any remedy to the menace of debauchery and irregularity. Religions had accommodated such distortions and amendments that it was difficult to return to their original shapes. Mostly, ludicrous traditions and baseless beliefs were considered as religious beliefs. In hierarchical societies the lower-class were subjected to terrible atrocities and oppression. Disobedience was the call of the day. It was not only just one specific society, city or country that was experiencing such a downfall but lawlessness and the disobedience of Almighty Allah had gripped the entire world. The world had plunged into such a deep abyss of darkness that there was no hope left for humanity.
However, some supernatural feats took place, which informed the world that the long-lasting era of atrocities and debauchery was about to end. Signs appeared which indicated that the downpour of Allah’s blessings which was long awaited by the inhabitants of earth was about to begin. This blessing was the long-awaited desire of those orphans, widows, young girls who were buried by their own fathers and defenseless people who were deprived of their rights by the prevailing immoralities of that time. This blessing was our beloved Rasūl Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم . At last during the year 570 A.C, the time came when they did not have to wait for these peaceful moments any longer. It was the time when Hadhrat Aminā (RA) gave birth to a child who proved to be the rescuer of humanity from the anger of Allah Ta’la and also from their very own atrocities.
Hadhrat Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم was born during the month of Rabiul Awwal. The day of his birth is called the blessing of Rabi’ (springs); according to Imām Shafi’i (RA), three Rabi (springs) gathered in this holy month. The name of the month was Rabi, the season was of Rabi and Hadhrat Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم himself was the blessing of Allah Almighty for mankind. It was a simple birth of Hadhrat Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم . His actual birth took place 40 years later at the cave of Hirā in the month of Ramadān when Hadhrat Jibraeel [Alaihis Salaam] brought the first message of Almighty Allah and turn Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah into Muhammad Rasūlullah صلى الله عليه و سلم . As Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah, he was known in Mecca only but when he was appointed as the messenger of Allah Ta’ala, his recognition spread throughout the universe. When he was born in the house of Sayyidah Aminā, he had no opponent; but when he took his spiritual birth besides a few followers and friends, everyone became his enemies. Take the example of Abu Lahab; he was the one who celebrated the birth of Muhammad bin Abdullah. But when Rasūlullah صلى الله عليه و سلم announced his prophethood, Abu Lahab became his die-hard enemy.
HIS BLESSED LINEAGE:
The lineage of our beloved Nabi صلى الله عليه و سلم starts from the eldest son of Ibrahim [Alaihis Salaam]. Allah Ta’la had granted Ibrahim [Alaihis Salaam] more credence in comparison to the previous Ambiyā (PBUT). He had achieved a higher status through his sacrifices and offerings than the other prophets (PBUT), due to which Allah Ta’āla has blessed him with the title and seal of Khalilullah (The friend of Allah), as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.
THE BLESSED LINEAGE OF RASŪLULLAHصلى الله عليه و سلم :
He is Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم , the Son of Abdullah, the son of Abdul Mutallib, the son of Hāshim, the son of Abd Manāf, the son of Qusay Ibn Kilāb, the son of Murrah, the son of K’āb, the son of Lu’ayy, the son of Ghālib, the son of Fihr, the son of Mālik, the son of Nadr, the son of Kinānah the son of khudhaimah, the son of Mudrikah, the son of Ilyās, the son of Mudhir, the son of Nidhār, the son of Ma’d, the son of Adnān . The lineage of Adnān reaches Ismail bin Ibrahim [Alaihis Salaam].
The lineage of Nabi Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم until Adnān is more reliable than the lineage above Adnān until Ismail (as), as they are proven from authentic narrations. The lineage of Rasulullah صلى الله عليه و سلم is the noblest and purest; the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم himself spoke of his lineage: “Indeed Allah chose Kinānah from the children of Ismail, and chose Quraish from Kinānah, and chose Hāshim from Quraish and chose me from Hāshim.”
In the year when he was born, Abrahah al-Ashram tried to demolish the Ka’bah with an army of elephants but Allah annihilated Abrahah and his entire army, as mentioned in the Glorious Quran, Surah al-Fīl (the elephant):
أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِأَصْحَابِ الْفِيلِ
“Don’t you see how Allah dealt with the people of the elephant?’
The blessed Prophet i was born as an orphan, whose father Abdullah had passed away while his mother was two months pregnant, thus his grandfather Abdul Mutallib was charged over his affairs. No sooner had Rasulullah صلى الله عليه و سلم turned six years of age that his mother Aminā Bint Wahb passed away, at eight he lost his grandfather as well. Finally, his uncle Abu Talib took him in his custody and stood by his side throughout his life.
Thus, the Nabi of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم grew up as an orphan without father, mother nor grandfather, but he was nurtured and protected by Allah. Never was he left alone, not even for a day.
أَلَمْ يَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًا فَآوَى . وَوَجَدَكَ ضَالًّا فَهَدَى . وَوَجَدَكَ عَائِلًا فَأَغْنَى
Did He(Allah Ta’ala) not find you as an orphan and then provided you with shelter, and found you wandering and guided you, and found you poor then provided for you.
From an early age, he was known for his wisdom and sound judgement, thus when the argument erupted about who will place the black stone in the corner of the Ka’bah after it was rebuilt due to severe flooding, and each tribe was about to go to war on who will have this honour, they finally agreed on the Prophet’s صلى الله عليه و سلم decision saying:
“This is the trustworthy, we are pleased with his decision.’ Thus he spread out his cloak, placed the black stone in the middle and asked each tribe to grab a corner of the cloth; he then personally placed the stone in its proper place.